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In recent years, the global financial system has become increasingly focused on compliance and anti-money laundering (AML) measures. Andorra, a small principality located in the Pyrenees mountains between France and Spain, has also taken significant steps to strengthen its AML framework. In this blog post, we will explore the compliance and AML measures in Andorra, highlighting the country’s efforts to combat money laundering and the financing of terrorism.

AML Legislation in Andorra

Andorra has implemented a comprehensive legal framework to combat money laundering and terrorist financing. The main legislation governing AML in the country is the Law on the Prevention and Fight against Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism, which was enacted in 2010.

This law establishes the obligations of financial institutions, designated non-financial businesses and professions (DNFBPs), and other entities to prevent and detect money laundering activities. It also establishes the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) as the central authority responsible for receiving, analyzing, and disseminating suspicious transaction reports.

Financial Institutions and DNFBPs

Financial institutions in Andorra, including banks, insurance companies, and investment firms, are subject to strict AML regulations. They are required to implement robust customer due diligence (CDD) procedures, including the identification and verification of customers’ identities, the monitoring of transactions, and the reporting of suspicious activities to the FIU.

DNFBPs, such as lawyers, accountants, real estate agents, and casinos, are also subject to AML obligations. They are required to conduct CDD measures, including the identification of beneficial owners, the implementation of internal controls, and the reporting of suspicious transactions to the FIU.

Customer Due Diligence

Customer due diligence is a fundamental component of AML measures in Andorra. Financial institutions and DNFBPs are required to conduct thorough due diligence on their customers to ensure they are not involved in money laundering or terrorist financing activities.

This includes the identification and verification of customers’ identities, the assessment of their risk profiles, and the ongoing monitoring of their transactions. Enhanced due diligence measures are applied to high-risk customers, such as politically exposed persons (PEPs) and customers from high-risk jurisdictions.

Record Keeping and Reporting

Financial institutions and DNFBPs are required to maintain adequate records of their customers and transactions. These records should include information on the identity of the customers, the nature of the business relationship, and the source of funds.

In addition to record keeping, these entities are also obligated to report suspicious transactions to the FIU. They must file suspicious transaction reports (STRs) whenever they have reasonable grounds to suspect that a transaction is related to money laundering or terrorist financing.

Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU)

The Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) of Andorra plays a crucial role in the country’s AML framework. It is responsible for receiving, analyzing, and disseminating information on suspicious transactions to relevant law enforcement and supervisory authorities.

The FIU collaborates with international counterparts and participates in global initiatives to combat money laundering and terrorist financing. It exchanges information with other FIUs and law enforcement agencies to support investigations and prosecutions.

International Cooperation

Andorra recognizes the importance of international cooperation in the fight against money laundering and terrorist financing. The country has actively engaged in international initiatives and implemented international standards to strengthen its AML framework.

Andorra is a member of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), an intergovernmental organization that sets global standards for AML and counter-terrorist financing. The country has undergone mutual evaluations by the FATF to assess its compliance with these standards.

Furthermore, Andorra has signed various international agreements and treaties on mutual legal assistance and extradition. These agreements facilitate the exchange of information and cooperation with other countries in AML investigations and prosecutions.


Andorra has made significant progress in enhancing its compliance and anti-money laundering measures. The country’s AML legislation, robust customer due diligence requirements, and the role of the Financial Intelligence Unit demonstrate its commitment to combatting money laundering and the financing of terrorism.

By actively participating in international initiatives and cooperating with other countries, Andorra contributes to the global efforts to maintain the integrity of the financial system and protect against illicit activities.


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Additional Resources

Resource Link
Company Registration with the Andorran Government Andorran Government
Foreign Investment Application Advantia Advisory
Business Bank Account Setup MoraBanc Business Banking
Obtaining NRT (Tax Registration Number) Andorra Guides – Taxes
Company and Legal Structure Information Setup Andorra
Public Notary Services in Andorra Andorra Notary Services
Commercial Registry Access Andorra Commercial Registry
Legal and Tax Advisory Services Andorra Insiders
Understanding Andorran Taxes and Business Law Laduchi Consult
Guidance on Economic Substance and Business Operations Andorra Inc