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Andorra, a small principality located in the Pyrenees Mountains between France and Spain, has become increasingly focused on implementing strict compliance and anti-money laundering measures in recent years. This commitment to combating financial crime is driven by the principality’s desire to maintain a strong reputation as a transparent and trustworthy international financial center.

Regulatory Framework

Andorra has established a comprehensive regulatory framework to address compliance and anti-money laundering. The key legislation governing these measures includes the Law on the Prevention and Fight against Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism, as well as the Law on the Regulation of International Economic Activities.

The regulatory framework is designed to ensure that financial institutions, including banks, insurance companies, and investment firms, implement robust policies and procedures to prevent money laundering and the financing of terrorism. These policies and procedures cover customer due diligence, transaction monitoring, and reporting of suspicious activities.

Customer Due Diligence

Customer due diligence is a critical component of compliance and anti-money laundering measures in Andorra. Financial institutions are required to conduct thorough due diligence on their customers to verify their identities and assess the level of risk associated with the business relationship.

Customer due diligence involves obtaining and verifying information about the customer’s identity, such as their name, address, and date of birth. Financial institutions are also required to identify the beneficial owners of corporate entities and trusts, ensuring transparency and accountability.

In addition to collecting customer information, financial institutions are also required to assess the risk associated with each customer. This risk assessment helps determine the level of monitoring and enhanced due diligence required for high-risk customers, such as politically exposed persons (PEPs) or customers from high-risk jurisdictions.

Transaction Monitoring

Transaction monitoring is another crucial aspect of compliance and anti-money laundering measures in Andorra. Financial institutions are required to implement systems and processes to monitor customer transactions for any unusual or suspicious activity.

These systems use advanced technology and algorithms to analyze transaction patterns and detect any potential red flags, such as large cash deposits, frequent transfers to high-risk jurisdictions, or transactions involving politically exposed persons. When suspicious activity is identified, financial institutions are obligated to report it to the appropriate authorities.

Reporting of Suspicious Activities

Financial institutions in Andorra have a legal obligation to report any suspicious activities to the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU). The FIU is responsible for receiving, analyzing, and disseminating information related to money laundering and the financing of terrorism.

When a financial institution identifies a suspicious activity, it must file a report with the FIU, providing all relevant details and supporting documentation. The FIU then conducts further investigations and shares information with domestic and international law enforcement agencies as necessary.

International Cooperation

Andorra recognizes the importance of international cooperation in combating money laundering and the financing of terrorism. The principality actively participates in various international initiatives and organizations, such as the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) and the Egmont Group of Financial Intelligence Units.

Through these collaborations, Andorra shares information, best practices, and expertise with other countries to strengthen global efforts against financial crime. International cooperation helps ensure that criminals cannot exploit loopholes or jurisdictional boundaries to launder money or finance terrorist activities.


Andorra’s commitment to compliance and anti-money laundering measures is evident in its robust regulatory framework and proactive approach to combating financial crime. By implementing strict customer due diligence, transaction monitoring, and reporting of suspicious activities, Andorra aims to maintain its reputation as a transparent and trustworthy international financial center.

Through international cooperation and collaboration, Andorra contributes to the global fight against money laundering and the financing of terrorism. These efforts not only protect the integrity of the principality’s financial system but also contribute to the broader goal of creating a safer and more secure global financial environment.


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Additional Resources

Resource Link
Company Registration with the Andorran Government Andorran Government
Foreign Investment Application Advantia Advisory
Business Bank Account Setup MoraBanc Business Banking
Obtaining NRT (Tax Registration Number) Andorra Guides – Taxes
Company and Legal Structure Information Setup Andorra
Public Notary Services in Andorra Andorra Notary Services
Commercial Registry Access Andorra Commercial Registry
Legal and Tax Advisory Services Andorra Insiders
Understanding Andorran Taxes and Business Law Laduchi Consult
Guidance on Economic Substance and Business Operations Andorra Inc