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With our 5-step process, forming a company in Colorado is simple. A company may be formed by submitting formation paperwork with your state and forming a board of directors.

We’ll teach you how to form your own company in Colorado.

In Colorado, it is simple to form a corporation.

To get started, follow the steps in our How to Start a Corporation in Colorado tutorial below:

Step 1: Give Your Colorado Corporation a Name

Step 2: Select a Registered Agent.

Hold an Organizational Meeting in Step 3

Step 4: Submit your Articles of Incorporation.

Step 5: Obtain an EIN

Check out our other How to Start a Corporation guides for more information on corporation creation in each state.

Step 1: Give Your Colorado Corporation a Name

The first step in forming a company is to choose a business name. You must choose a distinct name that conforms with Colorado company naming regulations.

1. Colorado naming conventions:

One of the following words or abbreviations must appear in your name: corporation, incorporated, company, limited, corp., inc., co., or ltd.

Your name must be distinct from any other current company in the state.

Your name cannot include any phrase that would be illegal under Colorado law.

Your company name, for example, cannot include obscenities or allusions to unlawful acts.

Your company’s name cannot include terms that may be confused with a government organisation (FBI, Treasury, State Department, etc.).

For further information, see the Colorado state legislation on company name rules.

2. Is my business name accessible in Colorado?

Your Colorado company name must be distinct and distinct from existing Colorado business names. To see whether your selected company name is available, use the Colorado Secretary of State’s Business Search Portal.

Visit our How to Name a Business guide and pick Colorado from the drop-down option for additional information on Colorado corporation name searches.

3. Is the URL accessible?

Before forming your Colorado company, check to see whether an appropriate URL for your preferred business name is accessible. Even if you don’t intend to create a company website right immediately, we recommend purchasing a web domain right away to avoid other companies from obtaining it.

Step 2: Select a Registered Agent in Colorado.

When you register your corporation with the Secretary of State, you must appoint a Colorado registered agent.

What exactly is a Registered Agent? A registered agent is a person or organisation chosen by an LLC or corporation to accept service of process, government communications, and compliance paperwork on behalf of a company.

Who Is Eligible to Be a Registered Agent? An person, a corporate organisation, or a professional registered agent service may serve as your registered agent. Any organisation or individual may act as your Colorado registered agent as long as the person:

is at least 18 years old

has a physical address in the state where business is done

is accessible during regular business hours (in person).

Step 3 Hold an Organizational Meeting

Before filing the Articles of Incorporation formally in Step 4, you must conduct an organisational meeting to perform the following tasks:

Complete and sign the Articles of Incorporation.

Establish and approve bylaws

Choose your first director (s)

Determine your ownership structure.

Fill out an Incorporator’s Statement.

Establish and Approve Corporate Bylaws

Bylaws are the rules that regulate and control how your organisation is governed and operated. Consider the bylaws to be your corporation’s constitution. It clarifies the norms and priorities for all parties involved.

The bylaws of a company will augment any regulations established by the federal government or the state.

Include the following in your bylaws:

The governance of the company, including the roles of directors and officials

Meeting processes, voting procedures, and the election of executives or directors

How will records be preserved and managed?

How will disagreements be resolved?

How will bylaws be added/modified in the future?

The annual board of directors meeting date

Contract Negotiation Techniques

Fiduciary responsibilities to the company (i.e. acting in the best interests of the corporation)

What is a quorum for voting purposes?

What exactly is a quorum? A quorum is the minimal number of members who must be present at a meeting in order for the meeting’s actions, including any votes, to be legitimate.

Appoint the First Directors

At least one director must be appointed to monitor your Colorado company until the first shareholder meeting.

A corporate director is in charge of operational bylaw adoption, modification, and repeal, as well as the election, monitoring, and removal of officers.

Following the incorporation of the company, the incorporator(s) — or initial director(s), if listed on the formation papers — shall convene an organisational meeting. During this inaugural meeting, either the incorporator(s) or the initial director(s) will elect the board of directors.

Selecting a Share Structure and Strategy

A share of stock is a corporation’s unit of ownership. Each share of stock reflects a proportion of the company’s ownership. If a business issues one share of stock, the shareholder (stock owner) owns 100% of the corporation.

Shares may be divided into classes. Each class, known as a share class, has unique rights and advantages. There may be several classes, and each class can have an unlimited number of shares.

The Articles of Incorporation in Colorado enable you to specify whether the company will issue more than one approved share class. If your business intends to authorise a share class other than common stock (a class that grants voting rights to its shareholders), you must include an extra attachment to your Articles of Incorporation.

NOTE: We suggest that you begin with a large number of authorised shares. Many lawyers advocate for a million dollars. Starting with a large number allows you to issue shares as required without incurring legal expenses to enhance your original permitted share size.

Make and implement an Incorporator’s Statement

The incorporator(s) shall sign and preserve an Incorporator’s Statement with the full names and addresses of all initial directors in the corporate records book.

This document identifies the first director(s) who will serve until the board of directors is chosen at the first shareholder meeting. It should be kept with the rest of your company’s records.

Step 4: Submit the Articles of Incorporation to the State of Colorado.

To form a company in Colorado, you must submit the Colorado Articles of Incorporation. The Articles of Incorporation are the formal documents that establish your Colorado company, and you may submit them online with the Secretary of State. The cost is $50.

This paper will address the fundamentals of your company, such as:

Name and address of the corporation

Name and street address of the corporate registered agent

The number of authorised shares that a business may issue

Names and addresses of incorporators

If your business intends to authorise a share class other than common stock (a class that grants voting rights to its shareholders), you must include an extra attachment to your Articles of Incorporation.

Step 5 Get an EIN for Your Colorado Corporation

What exactly is an EIN? The federal government uses an Employer Identification Number (EIN) or Federal Tax Identification Number (FTIN) to identify a company organisation. It is effectively the company’s social security number.

Why do I need an EIN? An EIN is necessary for the following activities:

To establish a commercial bank account for the firm

In terms of federal and state taxation

To recruit workers for the firm

How can I get an EIN? After founding the firm, the business owner obtains an EIN from the IRS (free of charge). This may be done online or in the mail.