646 666 9601 [email protected]

What is the definition of a private trust company? It is a vehicle used by rich families for trust planning and setup.

Private Trust Companies

What is the definition of a private trust company? It is a vehicle used by rich families for trust planning and setup. A private trust corporation is formed based on a number of characteristics, including:

The necessity to preserve some control over how trust is built.

The capacity to keep information private.

The advantage of having a trustee who is familiar with assets and how they are handled inside the family company.

When business judgments must be made, trustees can act rapidly.

A trust is formed as a legal instrument to thoroughly document how the administration of all or a part of the firm should be handled. This might include:

The manner in which assets will be handled.

The manner in which assets will be dispersed.

Beneficiaries of assets in the present and in the future.

The identity of the person in charge of carrying out the trust instructions.

The Benefits and Drawbacks of a Private Trust Company

When contemplating forming a private trust corporation, assess the benefits and drawbacks. Among the benefits are:

The corporation might be run by a family member.

A higher degree of privacy is provided.

Liability insurance is provided.

Trusts may be formed in states that provide special tax benefits to trusts, such as no income or capital gains taxes.

Exemption from investment advisor registration with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) when the trust is governed by state law and fulfils regulatory monitoring standards.

Increases managerial flexibility in asset investing.

The drawbacks are as follows:

Private trust firms are seen as unproven entities.

When trustees are family members, the likelihood of disagreement among family members increases.

Startup and early capitalization expenses for private trust firms are substantial.

A continuous input of funds for administrative expenses.

In compared to a corporate trustee such as a bank or trust firm, there is little redress in the instance of mismanagement or a violation of the trustee.

There are extra restrictions, oversights, and financial reporting obligations.

Structures of Ownership

A private trust company’s ownership structure varies depending on circumstances, such as family relationships and tax issues. The structure may be owned directly by the client, by other family members, by a trust, or by a foundation. The structure should be analysed for both the benefits and drawbacks of each choice.

Direct ownership by the client and family members is the simplest to implement, but it may not be the best solution due to taxes and confidentiality considerations. If there is already a family feud, it will get more heated if there are trust concerns.

To govern the shares of the private company’s trust, a charitable or noncharitable purpose trust may be created. A person who is not a trustee must be nominated under this arrangement. A well-known professional counsel to the family is a good option.

A foundation, which may remain in perpetuity and does not need shareholders, can be founded.

Private Trust Companies, Regulated and Unregulated

Regulated private trust businesses provide trust services and are governed by state or federal legislation. In jurisdictions that permit limited purpose businesses, unregulated private trust firms may be formed. It is important to review the state rules in the area where the trust will be founded. Most states have the following requirements:

Compliance with all requirements.

Formal capital and policy criteria should be in place.

Maintain compliance with all reporting obligations.

Comply with all regulatory standards.

Regulated private trust businesses do not need to register as investment advisors with the SEC. The regulated private trust corporation is overseen by state or federal authorities and is regarded as a bank rather than an investment. Despite offering certain fiduciary services, unregulated private trust businesses are not overseen, provide more privacy, and are less costly to incorporate and run than regulated trust organisations. To circumvent the SEC’s registration requirement, unregulated trusts must comply with the family office exemption rule.

In practise, the location of the trust influences how it may be constituted and what restrictions are required. Among the states that recognise regulated private trust corporations are:






State of New Hampshire


South Dakota (SD)



Wyoming and Nevada allow unregulated private trust firms by administrative exemption, but Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, and Nevada recognise unregulated private trust companies by legislation.